What is Type 2 diabetic retinopathy?

What is Type 2 diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy (die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee) is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy might cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems.2021-06-24

What is the difference between Etdrs and Snellen?

ETDRS charts were theoretically superior to Snellen charts because interpatient differences were more accurately measured and longitudinal follow-up measurements had more consistent precision, regardless of whether the patients had high or low levels of visual acuity.

How does diabetes type 2 affect the eyes?

Diabetes can lead to swelling in the macula, which is called diabetic macular edema. Over time, this disease can destroy the sharp vision in this part of the eye, leading to partial vision loss or blindness. Macular edema usually develops in people who already have other signs of diabetic retinopathy.

What are various types of retinopathy?

This article will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatments for four major types of retinopathy, including diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity, hypertensive retinopathy, and central serous retinopathy.2021-12-06

What are the classification of diabetic retinopathy?

The main types of diabetic retinopathy are non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).2021-11-28

What does Etdrs measure?

The ETDRS charts were developed to measure visual acuity in clinical trials. Patients are presented with a series of 5 letters of equal difficulty on each row, with standardized spacing between letters and rows (total of 14 lines and 70 letters).

What type of vision is the Snellen eye chart testing?

The Snellen eye chart is the most common method used by eye doctors to measure visual acuity, which is how clearly a person can see. During an eye exam, patients will read the Snellen chart from 20 feet away. The farther down the chart the patient can read, the better their visual acuity is.

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What is Etdrs study?

ETDRS was a multicenter, randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate argon laser photocoagulation and aspirin treatment in the management of patients with nonproliferative or early proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Is it possible to reverse diabetic retinopathy?

Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? No, but it doesn’t have to lead to blindness, either. If you catch it early enough, you can prevent it from taking your vision. That’s why it’s vital to have regular visits with an Ophthalmologist or Optometrist who’s familiar with diabetes and retina treatment.2020-01-31

Who are classified three types of diabetic retinopathy?

Three-class (normal, NPDR and PDR) classification: Three classes were classified using HEM and MA, hard exudates, and CWS [163]. This method was accurate in classifying the mild, moderate, and severe NPDR stages with an accuracy of 82.6%, 82.6%, and 88.3% respectively.

Is Etdrs the same as logMAR?

Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) chart. The Bailey–Lovie chart design principles have become the “gold standard” for visual acuity chart design, regardless of the optotype families or the testing distance. Such charts are commonly called “logMAR charts”.2013-09-20

Can diabetic retinopathy be halted?

Fortunately, diabetic retinopathy is preventable and also treatable. Maintaining blood sugar at an optimal level can help to prevent this serious condition. As controlled diabetes can also lead to diabetic retinopathy, it is advised to have your eyes examined regularly.

What does the Snellen eye chart test for?

The visual acuity test is used to determine the smallest letters you can read on a standardized chart (Snellen chart) or a card held 20 feet (6 meters) away. Special charts are used when testing at distances shorter than 20 feet (6 meters).

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What causes retinopathy in type 2 diabetes?

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by high blood sugar due to diabetes. Over time, having too much sugar in your blood can damage your retina — the part of your eye that detects light and sends signals to your brain through a nerve in the back of your eye (optic nerve). Diabetes damages blood vessels all over the body.2022-03-25

How do you convert Snellen to metric?

To convert from reduced Snellen (RS) to metric (M) notation, one must divide the denominator by 50. In the above example 50/50 = 1M. To convert from Reduced Snellen to Printer’s point, divide the denominator by 6. To convert from Printer’s point to metric, divide by 8.

What is Etdrs for visual acuity?

ETDRS Acuity. ETDRS acuity testing has become the worldwide standard for visual acuity testing, replacing the Snellen and Sloan acuity tests. ETDRS stands for Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study. The ETDRS test is designed to eliminate inaccuracies in the Snellen and Sloan tests.

How do you convert Snellen to Etdrs?

The formula to convert Snellen visual acuity measurements to approxETDRS letter scores is 85 + 50 x log (Snellen fraction), which may be rounded to the nearest letter. Results: A linear relationship exists between true ETDRS letter scores, approxETDRS letter scores, and logMAR units.

What is Etdrs Bcva?

BCVA = best-corrected visual acuity; ETDRS = Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study; OCT = optical coherence tomography; VFQ-25 = 25-item Visual Functioning Questionnaire; VFQ-39 = 39-item Visual Functioning Questionnaire.

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